Sala – Lesson 3

The Types of Prayer


Lesson Notes

The 5 fardh prayers

1). Salatul-Fajr (Dawn Prayer)                            

2).  Salatul-Dhuhr (Noon Prayer)  

3).  Salatul-Asr (Afternoon Prayer)         

4).  Salatul-Maghrib (Sunset Prayer)     

5).  Salatul-Eshaa (Night Prayer)             

The types (categories) of prayers:

Fardh (Pillar/Mandatory):

There are 5 daily prayers. These cannot be omitted for any reason. They MUST be performed everyday for the rest of your life. These are the pillars of salah. The only exceptions being menstruating and post-natal bleeding women. The women issues are covered in more detail in lesson 4.

Sunnah (Supererogatory/Voluntary):

This category is broken down into sub categories, namely: sunnah-raatiba (sunnah ‘attached’ to a fardh salah); sunnah-muakkadah (highly recommended- such as the salah to perform when entering a mosque, known as Tahiyattul-Masjid salah.); and nafl (optional). For the purpose of this unit it suffices to know that the salah units performed before and/or after the fardh salah, is known as sunnah-raatiba salah.

The 5 fardh prayers, its number of obligatory units and timings:

1). Salatul-Fajr (Dawn Prayer)

  • This prayer is performed before Dawn.
  • It consists of 2 units (rak’at).

2). Salatul-Dhuhr (Noon Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed immediately after midday, once the sun has moved from its zenith (meridian).
  • It consists of 4 rak’at.

3). Salatul-Asr (Afternoon Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed at mid-afternoon (when the length of a shadow is equal to the length of its object).
  • It consists of 4 rak’at.

4). Salatul-Maghrib (Sunset Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed immediately after sunset.
  • It consists of 3 rak’at.

5). Salatul-Eshaa (Night Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed after the twilight has disappeared.
  • It consists of 4 rak’at.

1). Sunnah for Salatul-Fajr (Dawn Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed before the fardh prayer.
  • It consists of 2 units (rak’at).

2). Sunnah for Salatul-Dhuhr (Noon Prayer):

  • These prayers are performed before and after the fardh prayer.
  • It consists of 4 units (rak’at) before and 2 units after.
  • The 4 units before are done in 2 units at a time.

3). Sunnah for Salatul-Asr (Afternoon Prayer):

  • There are no sunnah-raatiba prayers before or after Salatul-Asr

4). Sunnah for Salatul-Maghrib (Sunset Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed after the fardh prayer.
  • It consists of 2 units (rak’at).

5). Sunnah for Salatul-Eshaa (Night Prayer):

  • This prayer is performed after the fardh prayer.
  • It consists of 2 units (rak’at).



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