Sala – Lesson 5

Actions invalidate Prayer


Lesson Notes

Some benefits of prayer:

How many times a day does one take a bath or a shower? If you had a bath 5 times in one day, wouldn’t you feel very clean? I am sure you would. Now, the salah has a similar effect on our minor sins:

The conditions related to women and prayer:

There are some specific conditions that relate to women only. Though it relates to women, it is important for men also to understand them.  Some aspects don’t only apply to salah, but at all times while outside the home or in the presence of strange (non-mahram) men.

  • All prayers, obligatory, recommended and optional also apply to women.
  • The posture and positions in prayer are the same for men and women.
  • All the same conditions in relation to prayer, which apply to men, also apply to women, with the exception of the following:
  • The best place for women to perform her prayers is at home, though she may go to the mosque.
  • With the exception of her face and hands her entire body including her feet and hair must be covered during salah.
  • She may pray holding a baby or a small child (men may also do this, if needed).
  • A woman cannot lead a man in prayer.
  • A woman can lead a group of other women in prayer.
  • The best row for a woman in the mosque is the last row.
  • Women can pray without pronouncing Adhaan or Iqaama. If they do pronounce it, they should not do it in a high voice so that they can be heard by men.
  • Women must not perform salah in front of a row of men, unless there is a barrier separating them.
  • Menstruating or post-natal bleeding women are not required to perform prayer, nor are they required to ‘make it up’. Bleeding other than this is covered in the ‘Tahaara (Purification) Level I’ units.
  • Congregation prayer is not obligatory on women.
  • Friday prayer (Jumuah) is not obligatory on women.
  • Women must not walk in front of men performing non-congregational salah.
  • Women must not wear tight fitting or transparent clothing to the mosque.
  • Women must not use perfume when going to the mosque.
  • Women cannot wear nail polish, unless it was put on after performing ablution. (Covered in more detail in the ‘Tahaara (Purification) Level I’ units).
  • One who is in a state of sexual impurity (janaba) is not allowed to pray, make tawaaf, touch the Qur’aan or recite it from memory until she has performed ghusl (applies to men also). Women in this state may not sit in a mosque but may pass through it. Women in their menstruation may not sit in a mosque, but may pass through it or fetch something from inside the mosque.


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