Iman – Part 2
The Fundamentals of Faith (Iman):
Continuing from the previous lesson.
The 6 pillars of Iman are:
To Believe in:
- His Angels
- His revealed books
- His Messengers
- The Last Day
Let us look at the remaining three items in some detail:
- His Messengers – Allah has sent messengers to all people. Believing in all the Messengers that Allah sent even though we did not see them. Since Allah informed us about them, we take it for granted that they conveyed to their peoples the Message with which Allah sent them. The first Messenger Allah sent to mankind was Nooh (Noah), and the last is Muhammad (e). No prophet will come after Muhammad (e). Some of them are mentioned in the Qur’aan by name, such as Moosa, Lut, Ibraheem, Eesa (Jesus), etc. (peace be upon them). They were the best of people and were specially chosen by Allah.
Who is Muhammad (e)? He is the last of the messengers and prophets of Allah and the best of them all. His name is Muhammad, son of Abdullah, son of Abdul-Muttalib and his lineage is traced back to Ibraheem (peace be upon him). He was born in Makkah in 570 AC. Due to the fine reputation he enjoyed among his people, they nicknamed him ‘the Trustworthy’. At the age of 40, he was commissioned with prophethood when Allah, the Exalted, revealed to him, trough the angel Jibreel, the first Qur’anic ayah, and commanded him to preach the belief of Oneness of Allah, and warn people against polytheism.
The birth and status of Eesa (Jesus) in Islam. Muslims believe in all the prophets and messengers that Allah sent to mankind. Moreover, they accept Eesa, not as Christians claim him to be the divine manifestation or son of God, but as a slave of Allah and messenger, albeit of his miraculous birth, since he was born of a virgin, hence, he is called Eesa, son of Maryam (Mary). None of Allah’s messengers or prophets claimed to be god or part-god. Allah says:
Albeit Eesa’s unnatural or miraculous birth, and although Eesa is highly respected in Islam, yet Islam does not accept any idea of his divinity, or believe that he is son of God. Like the other messengers, Allah enabled Eesa to perform certain miracles as signs of his veracity.
The believer should realize that the sending of messengers for the benefit and guidance of mankind is a great blessing from Allah. The knowledge that they conveyed is knowledge that is beyond the grasp of the human intellect by itself since it deals with matters of the unseen. Indeed, mankind is more in need of their guidance than they are in need of food and drink. If they are void of food and drink for any period of time, they will die, implying loss of this life. But if they are refusing Allah’s guidance through the messengers, they will lose the everlasting bounties of the Hereafter.
- The Last Day (Day of Resurrection) – The Day of resurrection when all the people will be brought before Allah for the reckoning according to their deeds, and appropriate compensation (award or punishment). The Last Day is called such because there will be no new day after it, as the people of Paradise shall be in their abode as will the people of Hell. Among its other names are “The Day of Resurrection,” “The Reality,” “The Event,” “The Day of Judgement,” and “The Overwhelming.”
You may have heard the non-Muslims refer to it as “Doomsday”. Yes it will certainly be doomsday for the disbelievers.
There are numerous signs (as explained by prophet Muhammad e) that indicate the time of the Hour (Last Day). There are signs what we call minor and major signs. Many of the minor signs have already come to pass which indicates that we are close to the Day of Reckoning. Every person will be judged for all the actions and deeds he or she has done while alive. These signs are covered in much more detail in level II.
- Al-Qadar – Pre-ordainments (i.e. whatever Allah has ordained must come to pass – in other words, fate and destiny). Belief in the Qadar is the firm attestation to the fact that all general and particular decrees have been prerecorded, and that every event has its course by the decree of Allah. He has created everything, and foreordained its proper measure.
Though this aspect of Iman may be difficult to grasp at first, it is this aspect which provides a Muslim with total contentment as proper belief in Al-Qadar brings about tranquility and peace of mind. The person realizes that everything that occurs is according to Allah’s Divine Decree. Furthermore there is a wisdom behind everything Allah does. This belief gives a person strength and courage. He knows that Allah has recorded his life and his sustenance for him. Such comes only from Allah and is already decreed.
New Words and Expressions
Al-Qadar Pre-ordainments (i.e. whatever Allah has ordained must come to pass – in other words, fate and destiny).
Eesa Prophet Jesus.
Lut Prophet Lut.
Moosa Prophet Moses.
Nooh (Noah) The first Messenger Allah sent to mankind.